Causes of diarrhoea in patients with IBD

One among the main symptoms that most of the inflammatory bowel disease patients have to deal with, this debilitating condition can be successfully supressed and managed. Watery stools and loss of control over bowel movements can eventually lead to bowel incontinence and the leakage of faeces. The condition can be referred as acute if the patient experiences chronic diarrhoea continually for four weeks or more. Though we can cite several causative reasons that trigger the complicated condition of diarrhoea, it occurs mostly when the colon fails to successfully absorb the fluid produced during the digestive process. Apart from being the major symptom of IBD here are some of the commonly identified factors that cause diarrhoea and eventually worsen the conditions of the patients:Side effects of IBD drugs such as corticosteroids and anti-TNF medications can lead to watery diarrhoea and abdominal pain. According to experts, long-term use of IBD medications such as 5-ASA, mesalazine, and sulphasalazine can worsen IBD-related diarrhoea. This gastrointestinal distress can be averted by consuming the medicines with or after food. Moreover, continual use of immunosuppressant like azathioprine and methotrexate can cause acute diarrhoea during the preliminary stages of IBD treatment. In order to get effective and timely treatments, patients have to be unhesitant while sharing their health woes, so that doctors get a comprehensive idea of the complications that they suffer from.

  1. Side effects of anti-biotics and acid lowering therapies too can cause acute diarrhoea
  2. Diarrhoea is commonly detected among patients who have underwent the colectomy and ileo-rectal anastomosis surgery.
  3. Small bowel surgery to avert Crohn’s disease related complications can cause diarrhoea
  4. Malabsorption can lead to bowel urgency
  5. While some iron supplements cause constipation, some other trigger acute diarrhoea
  6. Diarrhoea and colicky pain are the typical symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. However, unlike inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome does no cause gastrointestinal inflammation and rectal bleeding

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